The prostate is a very important organ of the male reproductive system that makes person a man. Its main function is to keep and secrete a slightly alkaline fluid, white-milky in colour that is the part of semen. Generally, it constitutes 25-30% of the volume of the semen along with spermatozoa and seminal vesicle fluid.  This prostatic fluid has longer survival and better protection of the genetic material (DNA).  The prostate needs male hormones, which are responsible for male sex characteristics to work properly. The major male hormone is testosterone, which is produced mainly by the testicles.

Unfortunately, as any other organ of a human body, prostate is exposed to different problems and disorders. The most common are prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate and prostate cancer.

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland that is common with men at the age more than 50. This disease is successfully treated by phytotherapy, physical therapy, alpha blockers, antihistamines, anxiolytics, nerve modulators and other medications.

Enlarged prostate occur to elderly men. The prostate doubles by the time a man reaches 25 years old and continues to grow again when many men are in their 50’s and through the remainder of their life. The prostate enlarges and causes urination problems that are urinary hesitancy, frequent and painful urination, urinary retention, erectile dysfunctions, etc. This disease can treated with the help of drugs and natural herbal remedies, massages and surgery in grave cases.

Prostate cancer is one of the most frequent types of cancer, especially in developing countries all over the world and according to the statistics it takes lives of 3% of elderly men. The cancer cells may spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. Prostate cancer may cause acute pain, difficulty in urination process, problems during sexual intercourse, or erectile dysfunction. Treatment for prostate cancer presupposes primarily surgery, radiation and proton therapy. Hormonal therapy, cryosurgery and chemotherapy are also ways of treatment at earlier stages of the illness. In comparison with other prostate diseases, early prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms at all. That is why you should undergo routine medical checkup every half of a year in order to find the disease at its early stage. The reasons of prostate cancer appearance (as any other kind of cancer) are still unknown. Scientists name just some factors such as ageing, genetics, unhealthy diet and excessive use of medications.

In order to prevent any prostate diseases, including cancer, you should take more care of your health.  You should limit alcohol intake, avoid stresses and depressions, give up bad habits, do more physical exercises, undergo regular medical checkup, and follow the diet. Speaking about the diet it should be mentioned that selenium is believed to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer because it keeps cells from proliferating or dying off in a rapid or unusual way.  The green tea may be protective due to its polyphenol content that kills cancer cells. High alcohol intake may increase the risk of prostate cancer and interfere with folate metabolism process.

Besides, regular sexual intercourse and more frequent ejaculation also may decrease a man's risk of prostate cancer.

Remember that it is better to prevent a disease than to cure it!

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