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Levaquin, or levofloxacin (generic name), is a medication for the treatment of bacterial infections leading to these diseases: bronchitis, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, pneumonia, skin infections, as well as urinary tract infection. This medication belongs to the group of fluoroquinolones.

Things To Consider Before Taking Levaquin

Levaquin is not suitable to all patients having infections. Before taking Levaquin as an option for treatment, the doctor has to thoroughly assess the patient’s current condition, as well as their medical, drug and allergy history. Those who have experienced kidney disease, brain tumor, head injury, seizures or epilepsy, Long QT syndrome might not be given Levaquin, as it is proven that patients having these conditions in the past or in the present will have a hard time tolerating the medication. This medication is not intended for patients 18 years old below, unless the doctor does not find any alternative treatment (subject to close monitoring).

Food and Drug Administration of America has rated Levaquin as a category C pregnancy risk, which means that the medication is most likely to affect or cause damage to unborn babies. It is also proven that Levaquin passes through the breast milk. Thus, pregnant women (or suspected to be pregnant), as well as those breastfeeding mothers should not take this drug.

Levaquin, when mixed with other medications, are known to have negative interactions which could be deadly in nature. Thus, if the patient is currently under treatment of any medications, or taking vitamin or herbal supplements, a detailed list of all these should be given to the doctor. Those taking blood thinners, medications for heart rhythm or psychiatric disorders will not be given Levaquin, as well as those who are taking ANY of these drugs: oral insulin or diabetes medication, depridil, cisapride, pentamidine, methadone, droperidol,  aspirin and any NSAID pain relievers, theophylline, clarithromycin, erythromycin and other antibiotics.

Other approved medications, such as antacids, should be taken thirty minutes after intake of Levaquin.

Dosage And Administration

Levaquin is available in these doses: 250 mg, 500 mg, and 750 mg tablets. Doctors will determine the right dose and schedule, including the duration for treatment based on the patient’s current condition, together with the medical, drug and allergy history. The medication should be taken according to the schedule and should be continued until the last prescribed day, even if the patient feels better after a few days of medication. Otherwise, the infection will persist and will become more aggressive, thus requiring a stronger dose or a stronger variety of medications.

Side Effects

Just like other medications, Levaquin has its set of mild, moderate and severe side effects. Patients may experience insomnia, or the feeling of restlessness, dizziness and drowsiness, headaches, nausea and vomiting, skin rashes and slight vaginal discharge for women. These side effects are normal, but patients are encouraged to tell their doctor about it to be given immediate relief. In some cases, lowering the dosage may minimize these symptoms from occurring.

However, there are some side effects which may lead to other serious health problems. Take note of these manifestations: allergic reactions (which may include swelling of the facial and mouth area, hives, extremities or airways), tingling or burning sensation in the body, hallucinations, tremors, bruising and bleeding for no apparent reason, jaundice, loss of appetite, watery or bloody diarrhea and similar signs. These are serious, and should be given immediate medical response.

In Case Of An Overdose

Patients should strictly follow the prescribed dose and schedule given by the doctor. Taking Levaquin beyond the prescribed dose, or taking a double dose to make up for the missed one will make the patient susceptible to an overdose.

Levaquin overdose, like other medications, is dangerous. Patients who are overdosed could be easily determined by these signs: droopy eyelids or sluggishness, weakness, loss of balance and coordination, difficulty in breathing, profuse sweating, convulsions and tremors.

Other Details

Levaquin has the molecular formula C36H42F2N6O9 and the IUPAC name (-)-(S)-9-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-3-methyl-10-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)- 7-oxo-7Hpyrido[1,2,3-de]-1,4 benzoxazine-6-carboxylic acid hemihydrate. It weighs at 740.751 g/mol.

This medication has other brand names, namely: Volequin, Tavanic, Reskuin, Quixin, Nofaxin, Mosardal, Levoxacin, Levox, Levokacin,  Lesacin, Leroxacin, Iquix, Floxel, Elequine, and Cravit.

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